Document Listings

Overview

Listings enable you to automatically generate the contents of a page (or region of a page) from a list of Quarto documents or other custom data.

Listings are useful for creating blogs, providing navigation for large numbers of documents, or any other scenario where you’d like the contents of a page to be automatically updated as documents are added, updated, and removed.

You can enable listings on a page using the listing option in the document front matter. This will instruct Quarto to generate additional content (the ‘listings’) when the page is rendered. For example, the following YAML in the front matter of a document:

---
title: "Listing Example"
listing: default
---

Will result in a listing of all documents in the directory (with the exception of the current document). It might look something like this:

Screenshot of Listing Example page. There is a navbar at the top with the site name on the left, and a collapsed menu icon on the right. The header (Listing example). Below on the left there is a sortable dropdown for the order in which the items are displayed. On the right, across, is a search input box. The items are listed full-width rows that display the item’s metadata (author and date), title, description, and image.

Listing Contents

You can control what documents are included in the listing by using the contents option, which allows you to provide a set of input files (or globs of input files) that should be included in the listing. For each of the inputs that matches the contents of a listing, an item will be included using the metadata in the front matter of the document.

For example to include all the Quarto documents in the posts directory, you would write:

---
title: "Listing Example"
listing:
  contents: posts
---

You can write much more complex rules for including content by using globs and using a list of targets in the contents, such as:

---
title: "Listing Example"
listing:
  contents:
    - "reports/*.qmd"
    - "lab-notes/*reports.qmd"

Review the Quarto Glob Reference for more information about supported glob syntax.

Note

If you provide a path to a directory, it will be treated as <directory>/** - the directory will be searched recursively for project inputs.

In addition to specifying lists of files or globs, contents can contain lists of metadata as well. For more about this, see Custom Listings.

Listing Types

There are three built in types of listings that you can choose from. Use the type option to choose the appearance of the listing:

---
listing:
  contents: posts
  type: default
---

The type field accepts the following values:

Type Description
default A blog style list of items.
table A table of listings.
grid A grid of listing cards.

By default, listings will appear in full width rows that display the item’s metadata (author and date), title, description, and image.

The default layout for listings page. The top is a header (Listing Example). Below on the left there is a sortable dropdown for the order in which the items are displayed. On the right, across, is a search input box. The items are listed full-width rows that display the item’s metadata (author and date), title, description, and image.

Grid style listings display a card for each item.

Listing Example page with grid-style layout cards for each item.

The table listing style provides a traditional tabular layout.

Listing Example with a text table displaying (from left to right): Date, Title, and Author.

Sorting Items

By default, listings created from documents will be ordered by their title. Use the sort option to control the order of the listing. For example:

listing:
  contents: posts
  sort: "date"

Each sort key in can include a field name and optionally either asc or desc to control whether to sort in ascending or descending order. When only the name is specified, sorting by that field will be in ascending order.

The sort key can also contain one or more fields to sort by. For example:

listing:
  contents: posts
  sort:
    - "date"
    - "title desc"

This will sort the documents in the post directory first by their data in ascending order, then by their title in descending order.

Listing Options

It is possible to customize the appearance of listings using the following options for each type of listing display.

Default

Option Description
max-items The maximum number of items to include in this listing.
image-align Whether to place the image on the right or left side of the post content. Defaults to right.
image-height The height of the image being displayed. The width is automatically determined and the image will fill the rectangle without scaling (cropped to fill).
image-placeholder The default image for items if they have no image.

Grids

Option Description
max-items The maximum number of items to include in this listing.
image-height The height of the image being displayed. The width is automatically determined and the image will fill the rectangle without scaling (cropped to fill).
image-placeholder The default image for items if they have no image.
grid-columns The number of columns in the grid display. Defaults to 3.
grid-item-border Whether to display a border around the item card. Defaults to true.
grid-item-align Aligns the content within the card (left, right, or center). Defaults to left.

Tables

Options Description
max-items The maximum number of items to include in this listing.
image-height The height of the image being displayed. The width is automatically select and the image will fill the rectangle without scaling (cropped to fill).
image-placeholder The default image for items if they have no image.
table-striped Display the table rows with alternating background colors (true or false). Defaults to false
table-hover Highlight rows of the table when the user hovers the mouse over them (true or false). Defaults to false.
field-links A list of fields that should link to the document in the table (defaults to title).

Advanced Options

Option Description
field-display-names

A mapping that provides display name for specific fields. For example, to display the title column as ‘Report’ in a table listing you would write:

listing:
  field-display-names:
    title: "Report"
max-description-length The maximum length of the description displayed in the listing (in characters). Defaults to 175.
date-format

The date format to use when displaying dates (e.g. d-M-yyyy).

You may either provide a date style (full, long, medium, or short) or a format string for formatting the date. The behavior of date styles varies depending upon locale, but examples in the en locale are as follows:

full

Saturday, February 5, 2022

long

February 5, 2022

medium

Feb 5, 2022

short

2/5/22

Learn more about supported date formatting values here.

In addition to the above listing wide options, each listing type has a variety of options to customize its appearance.

Categories

In addition to displaying the listing contents, listings can also automatically add a list of categories to the page that they appear on. To enable categories you can set the categories option like:

listing:
  categories: true

which results in categories appearing in the right sidebar:

Default layout listings page with a sidebar on the right showing categories and the counts of items for each category.

When users click a category, the page will be updated to show only the listing items that match the selected category.

Category Appearance

You can choose between a few different display styles for categories:

Option Description
numbered Displays a list of categories in alphabetical order with the number of items in that category displayed next to the category name.
unnumbered Display a list of categories in alphabetical order.
cloud Displays a ‘word cloud’ of categories.

When multiple listings appear on the page, categories will be enabled based upon the option set in the first listing. If categories are enabled for the first listing, all listings on the page will contribute their item categories to the list of categories and all will be filtered when the user clicks a category.

Feeds

You can also have an RSS feed generated based upon the contents of a listing. This is great to allow your content to be syndicated or to be accessible via RSS Readers. Include a feed for your listing by including the feed option:

listing:
  contents: posts
  feed: true

When a feed is enabled for a listing on a page, an RSS file will automatically be generated using the name of the the file. For example, index.qmd will produce a feed at index.xml. A link to the feed will be included in the head of the page as well.

Generating feeds requires that the site-url be set for the site in your _quarto.yml file. For example:

website:
  site-url: "https://www.quarto.org"

You can further customize your feed using the following options:

Option Description
items The number of items to include in your feed. Defaults to 20.
type full or partial. full, the default, includes the full contents of each document in the feed. partial includes only the first paragraph contents in the feed.
title The title for this feed. Defaults to the site title provided in your _quarto.yml file.
image The image for this feed. If not specified, the image for the page the listing appears on will be used, otherwise an image will be used if specified for the site in your _quarto.yml file.
description The description of this feed. If not specified, the description for the page the listing appears on will be used, otherwise the description of the site will be used if specified in your _quarto.yml file.
language The language of the feed. Omitted if not specified. See https://www.rssboard.org/rss-language-codes for a list of valid language codes.

Listing Fields

When reading the contents of a listing, Quarto uses the metadata read from the front matter of the document or the contents of the document itself to populate the following fields for each item:

Field Name Description
title The title of the item, read from the title field of the front matter (or the first H1 of the document).
subtitle The subtitle of the item, read from the subtitle field of the front matter.
author The author of the item, read from the author field of the front matter.
description The description of the item, read from the description or abstract field of the front matter or from the first paragraph of the document.
date The date of the item, read from the date field of the front matter.
image The image for this item, read from the image field of the front matter, or automatically discovered by taking the first of an image of class preview-image, an image with a file name starting with feature, cover, or thumbnail, or the first image to appear in the document.
image-alt The alt text for the image for this item. |
reading-time An estimate of the reading time for this item, computed by counting the words in the item and assuming a reading speed of 200 words per minute.
categories Categories for the item, read from the categories field of the front matter.
filename The name of the input file.
file-modified The last modified date of this input file.

Depending upon the type of listing that you are using, different fields are displayed automatically:

Field Type: Default Type: Table Type: Grid
title x x x
subtitle x
author x x x
description x x
date x x x
image x x

Customizing Fields

Though specific columns are displayed by default, each of the types will allow you to display any of the above columns by using the fields options. For example, to display more fields in a table (as columns), you write:

listing:
  type: table
  contents: posts
  fields: [image, date, title, author, reading-time]

which produces:

Table with small image thumbnail for each item and custom list of fields: Date, Title, Author, and Reading Time.

Table with custom list of fields

Each type of listing will handle the fields in different ways.

Tables

For table type listings, the list of fields will be displayed as columns in the order that the fields appear in the list.

Default

For default type listings, the various fields will be placed logically, with the image in the right column, the title, subtitle, and description in the center column, and any other fields in the left column.

Default listings layout with the image in the right column, the title, subtitle, and description in the center column, and author, date, reading time, file, and file modified fields in the left column.

Grid

For grid listings, the image, title, subtitle, reading-time, categories, description, author, and date fields will be arranged on the body of the card. The filename and file-modified fields will appear in the card footer. Any other fields will appear in a table at the bottom of the card body.

Grid listing layout item with image thumbnail at the top of the card, followed below by the title, then subtitle, reading time, category tags, and description. Below the description there is a line with author and date, and another line with file and file modified.

User Tools

Listings support interactive tools to allow the viewer of the listing to sort, filter, or page through listings.

Sorting

Users can use the select box to choose how to sort the items in the listing (or in the case of tables, by clicking on the column headings). By default, the sorting control will allow the user to sort by title, date, or author. You can stop this UI from being displayed to the user with the option:

listing:
  sort-ui: false

You can control which fields are included in the sort list by providing a list of field names in the sort-ui key:

listing:
  sort-ui: [title, date]

Filtering

Listings include a filter box positioned on the top right of the listing content. The filter box allows readers to perform a ‘typeahead’ search of the listing contents. You can disable the filtering control using the option:

listing:
  filter-ui: false

By default, if the filtering control is enabling, all fields that are being displayed in the listing will be searchable. If you’d like to limit searching / filtering to specific fields, you can do so by providing a field list in the filter-ui key:

listing:
  filter-ui: [title, date]

Pagination

Listings also natively support pagination of the items. The default number of items displayed on a page depends up the listing type:

Listing Type Items Per Page
default 25
table 30
grid 18

You can control the number of items displayed per page using the option page-size:

listing:
  page-size: 36

Listing Location

By default, listings will simply be appended to the main content region of the page. If you’d like to control where a listing appears, set an id for that listing and use that id on a corresponding div in the page. For example, updating the page used in the previous example to this:

---
title: "Listing Example"
listing:
  id: sample-listings
  contents: posts
  sort: "date desc"
  type: table
---

You can review the following documents for additional information:

::: {#sample-listings}
:::

Learn more about Quarto [here](https://www.quarto.com).

Results in a listing page like:

Default layout listings page with a footer that reads 'Learn more about Quarto here'.

Multiple Listings

You can place any number of listings on a single page. The following would populate two listings on a single page:

---
title: Team Documents
listing: 
  - id: lab-reports
    contents: "lab-reports/*.qmd"
    type: table
  - id: meeting-notes
    contents: "meeting-notes/*.qmd"
    type: table
---

## Lab Reports

:::{#lab-reports}
:::

## Meeting Notes

:::{#meeting-notes}
:::