Crossreferenceable elements

Crossreferenceable elements take arbitrary content

Crossreferenceable elements now support any kind of content. In previous versions, Quarto figures needed (for the most part) to be images; Quarto tables needed to be Table elements, and so on. In v1.4, you can declare a Figure like this:

::: {#fig-1}

::: {.figure-content}
This is the figure content.

This is a caption.


Here, the identifier of the figure is still fig-1, but the content of the “Figure” is a fenced Div with any kind of content. The figure itself is still referenced by @fig-1. The prefix fig identifies the type of crossreferenceable element. By default, Quarto v1.4 has support for Figures (fig-), Tables (tbl-) and Listings (lst-).

Custom crossreferenceable types

In addition, Quarto v1.4 supports custom crossreferenceable types. If your document has a large number of, say diagrams or videos, you might want to refer to them directly as such. To use them, add the following to your document or project metadata:

    - kind: float # crossreferenceable elements with captions are `float`
      prefix: Diagram # used as the prefix for reference in output ("In Figure 1, ..")
      name: Diagram # used as the prefix for captions ("Figure 1: ..")
      ref-type: dia # used as the prefix for the reference identifier ("In @fig-1, ...")
      latex-env: diagram # used as the custom environment in latex output
      latex-list-of-name: lod # used as the abbreviation for the latex collation

Example: supplemental figures and tables

Using custom crossreferenceable types, you can also define “Supplemental Figures”, by creating a new prefix (eg, sfig-) and giving it the same appearance as regular figures. Then, if you only use this prefix for figures in the supplements, you will get a fresh crossref counter.

Changes in HTML output

Keep in mind the following changes in the HTML output of figures, etc:

  • The DOM structure for HTML figures used to be such that the following CSS selector would work:

    div#fig-elephant > figure > figcaption.figure-caption

    In Quarto v1.4, this is now

    div#fig-elephant > figure.quarto-float.quarto-float-fig > figcaption.quarto-float-caption.quarto-float-fig

    Here’s a minimal, full HTML output for a figure:

    <div id="fig-1" class="quarto-figure quarto-figure-center anchored">
      <figure class="quarto-float quarto-float-fig figure">
      <div aria-describedby="fig-1-caption-0ceaefa1-69ba-4598-a22c-09a6ac19f8ca">
        <img src="./img/content.jpg">
      <figcaption id="fig-1-caption-0ceaefa1-69ba-4598-a22c-09a6ac19f8ca" class="figure quarto-float-caption quarto-float-fig">
      Figure&nbsp;1: This is a caption.


    • All crossreferenceable elements use the figure HTML element with class quarto-float.
    • Different float types are differentiated by the CSS class quarto-float-fig (or -tbl, -lst, or the ref_type of custom crossref types) as well as the additional CSS class figure, table, etc. If the element is a subfloat, this will be quarto-subfloat-fig.
    • Similarly, float captions use the figcaption element with class quarto-float-caption (or quarto-subfloat-caption if they’re a subfloat), and are differentiated by the same additional CSS classes.

    This setup lets all “floats” be uniformly targeted by a single CSS rule, as well as allowing specific float types and their captions be targeted by a single additional CSS selector.

  • Images by themselves used to have a surrounding paragraph; they no longer do.

  • Floats include an extra div for ARIA referencing, so that captions are referenced appropriately and uniformly. As a result, a table appears inside a float, its caption will be hoisted to the figure node itself